Based on data on the internet, most PC and laptop in the world are using Windows such as Windows 10, Windows 7, XP, etc. Linux has less users worldwide but Linux has some advantages than Windows. Perhaps you want to use another operating system like linux on your PC or laptop. But you don’t want to leave or delete your Windows operating system. By the way, Can Linux installed alongside windows? The answer of course Yes!. In this article I want to share you how do I install Ubuntu Linux alongside Windows 10. So you can choose which operating system you want to use when computer booting.
Before get started, I assume you have Windows 10 installed on your PC or laptop. Now you need to download ubuntu linux and rufus (small app for creating bootable usb). But you don’t need to download rufus if you burn Ubuntu iso into a DVD.
These are complete steps how do I install Ubuntu alongside Windows 10:
Download Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Now you need to download Ubuntu iso. Make sure you download it from official ubuntu website. You can also download it using the direct link of ubuntu 20.04.iso. Please wait until done. The iso file is about 2.7GB. It’s won’t be long but this may take longer if you have a poor internet connection.
I assume you will use USB flashdisk as media for Ubuntu Linux installation. If you burn the Ubuntu iso into a DVD then you may skip this step.
Creating Bootable Ubuntu Installer using Rufus
Now insert your Unused/blank USB flashdisk and open Rufus you’ve downloaded. Make sure your USB is selected on Device section. On Boot selection, click SELECT browse ubuntu iso file you’ve downloaded. I choose MBR on Partition scheme because my Harddisk using MBR system instead of GPT. If your Harddisk is using GPT partitioning system then you have to choose GPT. I check List USB Hard Drives. And everything else just follow the picture below. Click START to start creating bootable USB.
Choose Write in ISO Image mode and then click OK.
At this section is inform you that your USB flashdisk will be erased. Click OK to start formatting the flashdisk.
Please wait while Rufus copying ubuntu files into your flashdisk.
Installing Ubuntu 20.04 LTS alongside Windows 10
Now the USB installer is ready. But before get started, you need to enter BIOS to configure Boot. To enter BIOS you need to restart your PC / laptop. You have to press F2 or F10 or Delete button once computer start to enter BIOS. It depend on your PC manufacture. I am using Sony VAIO, so I enter BIOS using Assist button.
Make sure USB drive set as First Boot, optical drive as second boot, and third is harddrive. You may switch each other between USB drive and optical drive. But make sure the harddrive boot after them.
Insert your USB flashdisk and Ubuntu installer will start.
The Ubuntu boot screen looks like.
File System Checks
At the beginning of installation, Ubuntu will perform file system checking. This may take few minutes depend on your computer’s speed. But I choose to skip this instead of waiting for this process. Press CTRL+C to skip this step.
Choosing either try Ubuntu or install Ubuntu
Now you entering GUI mode of Ubuntu installation. Choose your system language and click Install Ubuntu.
Choose Keyboard Layout
On this section, you need to choose your keyboard layout. If you are using standard keyboard, just click Continue. You can also click Detect Keyboard Layout to let the installer detecting your keyboard.
Update and Other Software
I think it’s better to keep select Normal Installation. This will install Ubuntu with standard apps included such as Mozilla Firefox, Utilities (archiver, disk utility, etc), Libre office, video and music player, and games such as sudoku. Those are just standard apps, but you can install a ton of other apps based on your needs.
Choose Installation Type
I’d like to choose Something else to select partition manually instead of let installer choosing automatically. I don’t want to risk losing my data.
Manage Partition Manually
On this section, I will manage my harddrive that contains some partitions. In this case, I have 80 GB HDD.
607 MB is System Reserved that created automatically when I was installing Windows 10.
20363 MB (about 20 GB) is used by Windows 10 system.
5242 MB (about 5 GB) is used by my documents.
Now I have about 54 GB left as free space (unallocated). I will use about 25 GB of this for Ubuntu.
Firstly, I select free space and then click Plus button.
Now a dialog box will appears. I want to allocated 25 GB, so I enter 25600 MB. I choose Primary, Beginning of this space. Select Ext4 journaling file system for Ubuntu installation. And select / as Mount point. Click OK.
Make sure you choose a partition you just created. You can identify by looking at Ext4 on Type. Don’t forget to check the box to format it.
The last is select a location for boot loader installation. Make sure you select /dev/sda. This is important to make both Ubuntu and Windows 10 running on your PC or laptop. Please double check everything you’ve configured. Click Install Now to start installation. At the beginning, the installer will ask you to enter your location and creating username and password.
Choose Your Location
Enter your location. This will let system configure Date Time format, Currency format, etc. Continue.
Create Username, Computer’s Name and Password
Now create your username, computer’s name and password. Actually you can change your password next time. Continue.
Be patience! Take a cup of coffee!. Please wait until done. It doesn’t take too long.
Installation have done. Click Restart. Please remove your USB flashdisk.
Grub Loader Menu contains Ubuntu Linux and Windows 10
Now, you will see something like this when turning on your computer. It’s called GRUB Loader. This is menu contains list of installed operating system. So you can choose which operating system you want to use. Use arrow on your keyboard to move the highlight and press ENTER.
Choose your username and enter the password.
Setup Live Patch
I choose Next for this section. You can set up everything next time.
Send System Info
You can choose whether let Ubuntu send your system infor to Canonical’s server or don’t send it. I prefer to choose No.
Turn it on if you want to application to determine your geographical location. I choose off.
Ready to go
I think Ubuntu is loading a list of apps. I choose click Done button to finish this wizard.
Finally, everything has done. This is Ubuntu desktop looks like. Ubuntu ready to use. You don’t need to install drivers. Usually everything is working normally. Actually there are several things to configure. But I will share it on the next post.
I think Ubuntu installation is not complicated. It run simple. Even beginner can follow the tutorial above. However, you must be careful especially on managing partitions section.
Feel free to comment. Thank you for reading this article.